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Abnormal Periods Specialist

The menstrual cycle is a normal biological process that affects women of reproductive age. Menstrual periods are an essential part of the menstrual cycle and a sign of a woman’s reproductive health. 

However, not all menstrual periods are the same. Some women may experience abnormal menstrual periods, which can be caused by various factors, such as hormonal imbalances, stress, and underlying medical conditions. These abnormal periods can have a significant impact on a woman’s physical and emotional well-being. 

If you have questions about your menstrual cycle, schedule a consultation with our expert physicians at Maiden Lane Medical. We are a respected gynecologic practice in the New York City area that helps women understand the underlying causes of their abnormal periods to receive the most appropriate and effective treatment for the relief of their symptoms. Call us today to schedule an appointment! 

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What Is Considered an Abnormal Period?

An abnormal period is a deviation from the normal menstrual cycle, characterized by irregular bleeding patterns and symptoms like severe menstrual cramps. 

Abnormal uterine bleeding” refers to any bleeding from the uterus that deviates from a woman’s normal menstrual cycle, such as heavy or prolonged bleeding, irregular or frequent periods, or spotting between periods.

A normal menstrual cycle lasts about 3-7 days and occurs every 21-35 days. However, some variations in the length and frequency of periods are considered normal.

What Causes Abnormal Menstrual Cycles?

A woman experiencing pain from abnormal periods and bleeding.

Abnormal menstrual cycles, such as irregular or missed periods, are common for women of reproductive age. While normal menstrual cycles can vary in length from 21 to 35 days, inconsistent or skipped periods may be caused by multiple underlying factors, including hormonal imbalances and certain medical conditions.

Some common causes of abnormal uterine bleeding include:

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) – a hormonal disorder that affects ovulation and can lead to irregular periods, bleeding between periods, and also acne and excess hair growth.
  • Birth Control Pillshormonal birth control can alter a woman’s menstrual cycle and cause irregular bleeding or spotting, especially in the first 3 months of use.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – an infection in the female reproductive organs that can cause bleeding and painful periods.
  • Premature Ovarian Insufficiency – a condition in which the ovaries stop functioning before the age of 40, leading to irregular periods and eventual infertility.
  • Uterine Fibroidsnon-cancerous growths in the uterus that can cause heavy and prolonged bleeding.
  • Bleeding Disorders – conditions like von Willebrand disease or platelet function disorders that affect the blood’s ability to clot, leading to heavy or prolonged periods.
  • Abnormalities in the Uterine Lining – such as uterine polyps or uterine cancer, can cause abnormal bleeding patterns.
  • Pregnancy – Pregnancy can cause irregular bleeding and a pregnancy test is a common part of the initial evaluation.
These are just a few examples of medical conditions that can cause abnormal menstrual cycles. If a woman is experiencing irregular periods or heavy bleeding, it is recommended that she seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive proper treatment.

When Should I See a Doctor About an Irregular Period?

Women should contact their doctors or healthcare providers if they experience irregular periods or abnormal vaginal bleeding for two or more consecutive months. Additionally, if a woman experiences heavy bleeding that requires changing her pads or tampons every hour, she should see a doctor as soon as possible. 

If the irregular period is accompanied by sudden changes in weight, extreme fatigue, severe pain in the lower abdomen, fever, and/or chills, it is important to visit your doctor right away as these may be signs of something more serious. 

It is important to take charge of your menstrual cycle and pay attention to any changes or irregularities that may occur over time. A medical professional can help diagnose the cause of an irregular period and provide treatment options as needed.  With timely diagnosis and treatment, irregular periods can be managed effectively. 

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How Are Irregular Menstrual Cycles Diagnosed?

Irregular menstrual cycles are normally diagnosed by a doctor or gynecologist. A menstrual cycle is considered irregular if is longer than 35 days. Menstrual periods that happen fewer than 21 days apart or more than every 35 days can indicate an underlying health issue.

To determine the cause of the irregular menstrual cycle, the doctor may ask about missed periods or your medical history to look for any underlying issues such as PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) or thyroid disorders. Blood tests may also be used to check hormone levels, including LH (luteinizing hormone), FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone), and estrogen. Other tests, such as ultrasounds or MRI scans, may be required depending on the situation. 

If you are experiencing an irregular menstrual cycle, it is important to consult a medical professional. They will be able to assess the underlying cause and provide the best treatment option for your individual needs.

How is Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Treated?

Treatment plans for abnormal uterine bleeding may involve lifestyle changes, medication, hormone therapy, or surgery, depending on the cause of the condition. 

Hormonal birth control pills are often used to regulate an irregular cycle and/or reduce heavy bleeding. Additionally, lifestyle changes that improve overall health – such as diet modification and regular physical activity – can help normalize hormones and correct menstrual issues in some circumstances.

In other cases, surgery may be necessary. 

Surgery may be recommended if there are underlying issues such as endometriosis, fibroids, uterine polyps, adenomyosis, or congenital abnormalities causing the abnormal bleeding.

Having a normal menstrual cycle is essential for normal reproductive health. An irregular or missed period can indicate something is wrong; therefore, it is crucial to take steps to prevent an abnormal menstrual cycle.

This may help maintain normal hormone levels, which can lead to regular periods. 

Visit Maiden Lane Medical for Peace of Mind

If you are experiencing abnormal menstrual bleeding and would like to get to the root cause of the issue, schedule a consultation with one of our highly skilled physicians at Maiden Lane Medical located in Manhattan, NY. Our experienced healthcare professionals will provide accurate diagnoses and a treatment plan that is catered to you. Call us to schedule an appointment today!

Medically Reviewed By

Board Certified Gynecologist

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If you’re concerned about fibroids or have symptoms that could be caused by these benign growths, call our office or schedule a consultation online for accurate diagnosis and personalized state-of-the-art treatment.

Our doctors who provide this service

Thumbnail Photo of Dr. Rachel Barr

Rachel Barr, MD

Board Certified Gynecologist

Emily Blanton, MD

Board Certified Gynecologist

Focused Practice Designation in Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery
Profile Photo of Dr. Janette Davison

Janette Davison, MD

Board Certified Gynecologist

Focused Practice Designation in Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery

Armina Eana, DO MPH

Board Certified OB/GYN
Ilene Fischer, MD profile picture.

Ilene Fischer, MD

Board Certified Gynecologist
Profile Photo fo Dr. Dena Harris

Dena Harris, MD

Board Certified Gynecologist

Kenneth A. Levey, MD MPH FACOG FACS

Board Certified Gynecologist & CEO and Managing Partner of Maiden Lane Medical

Focused Practice Designation in Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgery

Fernando Mariz, MD

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Savita Sukha, WHNP

Women's Health Nurse Practitioner

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